Optimal Intelligent Control of Plug-in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles in Smart Electric Grids

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Shahrood

2 Department of Electrical Engineering Department, K.N.Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


In this paper, Plug-in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (PFCEV) is considered with dual power sources including Fuel Cell (FC) and battery Energy Storage. In order to respond to a transient power demand, usually supercapacitor energy storage device is combined with fuel cell to create a hybrid system with high energy density of fuel cell and the high power density of battery. In order to simulate the PEV model, dynamic state space models of bidirectional DCDCconverter and grid connected voltage source converter are considered to connect the PFCEVto the main grid. In order to stabilize the DC-link power and distribute the power between dualenergy storage sources in PEV during normal and disturbance conditions on the grid voltage, afuzzy control strategy has been developed. For tuning the parameters of fuzzy logic controller, the PSO (particle swarm optimization) algorithm has been used. This controller determines the super capacitor and fuel cell powers that should be generated according to the amount of available energy in DC-link. Moreover, a robust sliding mode control strategy for three phase power electronic converter based on positive and negative symmetrical components is presented to investigate the voltage disturbance ride-through capability.


Main Subjects

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